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Pulse Research Station, Vadodara

Agro-climatic information


(a) Name of the Agro-climatic Zone Middle Gujarat Agroclimatic Zone-III Agro-ecological situation -5.2
(b) Rainfall An average annual rainfall of last 25 years of Vadodara District is 939.6 mm which is received entirely from South-West monsoon currents. The minimum and maximum rainfall ranged between  287 mm and 1624 mm.
(c) Soil The soil is representative of the soils of the region, popularly known as "Goradu" soil. It is alluvial in origin and belongs to the order Alfisol. The texture of the soil is loamy sand. The soil is deep enough to respond well to manuring and variety of crops of the tropical and sub-tropical regions. The soil is low in organic carbon and nitrogen, medium in available phosphorus and available sulphur. Status of potassium was found high, while micronutrient status is found sufficient. The soil reaction is slightly towards alkaline having pH 7.7.
(d) Temperature The climate of Vadodara station is semi-arid and sub-tropical with fairly dry and hot summer. Monsoon generally starts from the third week of June and retreats by middle of September. July and August are the months of heavy precipitation. Winter is fairly cold and sets in, in the month of November and continues till the middle of February. The lower temperatures are usually recorded in the months of December and January. Summer is hot and dry which commences from mid of February and ends by the month of June. May is the hottest month with mean maximum temperature around 40 C.
(e) Geographical Details Climate : Subtropical
Latitude : 22.19"
Altitude: 37.5 m above mean sea level
Temperature varies: 7 C to 40 C
Average rainfall : 939.6 mm
(f) Soil properties
  Type Loamy sand.
  pH 7.7
  EC (1:2.5) at 25 C 0.19 dS/m
  Organic Carbon 0.36%
  Total N 0.031%
  Available P2O5 40.18 kg/ha
  Available K2O 450.0 kg/ha



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