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Main Vegetable Research Station, Anand

Achievements

RESEARCH RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FARMERS

CROP IMPROVEMENT

Following varieties/hybrids of different vegetable crops have been developed by this station

 

Sr. No.

Crops

released variety/hybrid

Year of release

Average yield (q/ha)

Yield potential (q/ha)

1.    

Okra

GOH-1

1992

179.94

239.85

2.    

Brinjal

ABH-1

1993

578.00

825.30

3.    

Chilli

GVC-111

2003

120.00

184.80

4.    

Brinjal

GOB-1

2004

486.90

697.80

5.    

Chilli

GVC-101

2004

145.00

251.00

6.    

Chilli

GVC-121

2004

128.00

187.00

7.    

Tomato

GT-2

2004

326.64

471.90

8.    

Musk melon

GMM-3

2004

124.84

164.56

9.    

Cucumber

GCU-1

2004

250.74

676.11

10.                 

Bottle gourd

ABG-1

2005

233.97

278.08

11.                 

Chilli

AVNPC-131

2007

76.99

120.07

12.                 

Cowpea

AVCP-1

2007

73.70

99.38

13.                 

Pigeon pea

AVPP-1

2007

82.72

116.51

14.                 

Tomato

Anand Tomato - 3

2008

340.45

679.63

15.                 

Pumpkin

AP-1

2009

243.96

281.67

16.                 

Ridge gourd

GARG-1

2010

150.70

167.56

17.                 

Chilli

GAVC-112

2011

127.05

298.41

18.                 

Chilli

GAVCH-1

2011

237.33

304.63

19.                 

Okra

GAO-5

2011

141.11

196.37

20.                 

Brinjal

GAOB-2

2013

444.29

547.84

21.                 

Brinjal

GABH-3

2014

613.04

791.67

22.                 

Onion

GAWO-2

2014

595.37

703.70

23.                 

Garlic

GAG-6

2014

91.89

124.44

24.                 

Dill seed

GAVD-1

2014

260.32

455.25

25.                 

Tomato

GAT-5

2017

400.3

428.29

26.                 

Bottle gourd

GABGH

2017

252.7

353.50

27.                 

Tomato

GACT-1

2018

114.70

144.55

 

 

 

 

RECOMMENDATION FOR SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY

(1) Standardization of CGMS based hybrid seed production in chilli (2018)

In chilli crop, it is recommended to use the ratio of 1:1 or 2:1 A:R lines for CGMS based hybrid seed production for higher hybrid seed yield during kharif-rabi season in open field condition at Anand location.

      

  VEGETABLE PHYSIOLOGY

(1) Physiological study of chilli and subsequent to red chilli production (2005)

For seed production in chilli crop, mature fruits harvested at red ripped stage has not adversely affected the seed yield and it has increase higher seed germination percentage in comparison to mature wrinkle and dried fruits. Therefore, farmers are advised to harvest chilli fruits at red ripe stage. This was recommended for Farmers of Middle Gujarat Agro climatic Zone-III.

(2) Effect of spacing and seed rate in nursery on growth of seedlings and subsequent to green chilli yield cv. S- 49(2006)

Farmers of Middle Gujarat, Agro climatic Zone–III growing chilli cultivar S-49 for vegetable purpose are advise to adopt five cm spacing between rows with 1.0 kg seed rate / 100 sq.m. for raising healthy seedlings in nursery and to get higher green fruit yield. This was recommended for Farmers of Middle Gujarat Agro climatic Zone-III.

(3) Effect of plant growth regulators on seed yield and quality of okra (2008)

 Farmers of Middle Gujarat, Agro climatic Zone–III growing okra cultivar Parbhani Kranti for seed production purpose are advised to spray GA3 @ 50 mg/l (ICBR 1:10.5) at 30 and 50 days after sowing for getting higher seed yield as well as seed quality.

(4) Influence of source manipulation through decapitation and PGR‟s on growth, yield and quality of cluster bean (Cyamopsis    tetragonaloba L. Taub.) seed cv. "Pusa Navbahar" (2016)
Farmers of Middle Gujarat Agro-climatic Zone-III growing cluster bean cv. Pusa Navbahar in kharif season for seed production are recommended to spray GA3 20 mg/l at 45 DAS with decapitation of the plant at 70 DAS for getting higher seed yield as well as net profit.

                                                                              VEGETABLE ENTOMOLOGY

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FARMING COMMUNITY

(1) Bio-efficacy of different spray schedules against thrips (Scirtothrips dorsalis) Hood infesting chilli (1998-99)                         

For effective and economical control of thrips (S. dorsalis) on chilli grown for vegetable purpose, spray of any one of the following insecticides at 10/15 days interval is recommended in middle Gujarat condition. The first application should be given at 30 DATP.

Insecticide

Interval

ICBR

Triazophos 0.04%

10 days

1 : 5.09

Acephate 0.075%

15 days

1: 2.54

(2) Integration of tolerant variety and chemicals for the management of pests of okra (2000-01)                                              

Considering efficacy and economics of insecticides, one spray of monocrotophos 0.04% at 20 days after sowing followed by three sprays of endosulfan 0.07% at 30, 45 and 60 days after sowing is recommended for control of different pests viz., fruit borer, aphid, jassid and whitefly (ICBR 1 : 8.09) infesting okra under middle Gujarat Agroclimatic zone.

(3) Integrated Pest Management for brinjal pest complex (2004-05)

For effective and economical management of pest complex in brinjal, five sprays of NSKE 4 % at 45, 60, 75, 90 and 105 DATP (ICBR 1:8.11) or application of Neem cake @ 250 kg / ha    at 30 DATP + Shoot clipping at weekly intervals + NSKE (4%) sprays at 60, 75, 90 and 105 DATP is recommended for farmers of Middle Gujarat growing brinjal.

(4) Evaluation of different spray schedules of insecticides and botanicals against pests of chilli (2005-06)                 

For effective and economical management of chilli thrips and fruit borer, the following schedule is alternatively recommended for farmers of Middle Gujarat.

Schedule

ICBR

Triazophos 0.04% - Imidacloprid 0.005% - Acephate 0.075%

1:8.51

Spray should be given on need basis at ETL 1 thrips per leaf

(5) Evaluation of different insecticides against mites infesting okra (2005-06)

For effective and economical control of mite infesting okra, along with the older recommended insecticides, wettable sulphur 0.125% and dicofol 0.03%, two sprays of any one of the following new insecticides is recommended for farmers of middle Gujarat, where the mite infestation is high. The first spray should be given on appearance of mite and second spray should be given after 10 days of first spray.

(6) Evaluation of different insecticides against mites infesting brinjal (2006-07)
For the effective and economical management of mite (Tetranychus urticae) in brinjal, two sprays of fenazaquin @ 0.01% (ICBR 1:16.17), first at the appearance of the mites and second after 15 days of first spray are recommended for the farmers of middle Gujarat.
 
(7) Effect of different dates of transplanting on incidence of pests and little leaf disease of brinjal (2006-07) 
To minimize the occurrence of little leaf disease, fruit and shoot borer and to get the higher fruit yield, the farmers of middle Gujarat are advised to transplant the brinjal crop in the first week of September.
 
(8) Evaluation of different newer insecticides against chilli thrips (2006-07)
For the effective and economical management of thrips (Scirtothrips dorsalis) in chilli crop, farmers of middle Gujarat are advised to spray mix formulation of ethion 40% + cypermethrin 5% @ 0.045% (ICBR 1:22.10) or diafenthiuron @ 0.05% (ICBR 1:15.60) in addition to earlier recommendation viz., imidacloprid @ 0.005% (ICBR 1:17.20) and triazophos @ 0.04% (ICBR 1:26.60) following ETL of 1 thrips per leaf.
 
(9) Management of serpentine leaf miner on cucumber (2006-07)

For effective and economical management of leaf miner and fruit fly in Cucumber (Kakdi) following IPM module is recommended to the farmers of Middle Gujarat (ICBR 1:41.40).Installation of yellow sticky trap @ 1/10 hills after germination. Clipping of infested leaves in the initial stage of the crop. Application of neem soap @ 10 g/lit of water at two leaf (cotyledonary) stage. Application of deltamethrin @ 0.0014% + 20 g jaggery per litre of water at initiation of flowering.

(10) Evaluation of different insecticides as seed treatments against leaf miner in cucurbitaceous vegetable crops (2011-12)

For effective management of leaf miner in early stage of the crops viz., cucumber, bottle gourd, ridge gourd and smooth gourd, the farmers of middle Gujarat are advised to treat the seeds before sowing with imidacloprid 70 WS @ 7.5 g/kg seeds or thiamethoxam 70 WS @ 4 g/kg seed.

(11) Evaluation of newer insecticides against cowpea pod borer, Maruca vitrata Fabricius (2013-14)

 Farmers of middle Gujarat growing cowpea are advised to spray any one of the following insecticides for the control of pod borer, Maruca vitrata at the initiation of flowering and subsequent two sprays at 15 days interval.                                                

Flubendiamide 480 SC @ 0.014 % (3.0 ml/ 10 litre water) 

Chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC @ 0.006% (3.0 ml/ 10 litre water)

The pre-harvest interval of one day is recommended for flubendiamide and chlorantraniliprole.

(12) Evaluation of different insecticides as root dipping treatments against sucking pests of chilli(2013-14)

For the control of thrips in chilli up to 45 days after transplanting, the farmers of middle Gujarat are advised to treat the seeds with imidacloprid 70 WS @ 7.5 g /kg (5.25 g a.i. /kg seed) before seeding in nursery and dipping roots of the seedlings in imidacloprid 17.8 SL @ 10 ml /10 litre water or thiamethoxam 25 WG @ 10 g /10 litre water for two hours before transplanting.

(13) Evaluation of insecticide molecules against sucking pests of okra (2015)

 For effective and economical control of jassid in okra, the farmers of middle Gujarat are advised to spray thiamethoxam 25 WG, 0.009%, 3.5 g/ 10 litre water (43.75 g a.i./ha) and for whitefly, spiromesifen 240 SC, 0.02%,  8 ml/ 10 litre water (96 g a.i./ha) first at the appearance of the pest and second at 10 days interval.

(14) Bio-efficacy of newer insecticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenee) (2016)

For effective control of shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) and getting higher fruit yield in brinjal, the farmers of middle Gujarat are recommended to spray emamectin benzoate 5 SG 0.0025 per cent (5 g/ 10 litre of water; 12.5 g a.i./ha) or chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC 0.006 per cent (3 ml/ 10 litre of water; 30 g a.i./ha) when the pest crosses 5 per cent shoot damage and subsequent two sprays at 15 days after first spray application.

 

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY

         (1) Evaluation of insecticide molecules against sucking pests of chilli (2015-16)

Foliar application of milbectin 1 EC 0.0003%, 2.5 ml/ 10 liter water (1.25 g a.i./ha) or abamectin 1.9 EC, 0.0006%, 3 ml/10 litre water (2.85 g a.i./ha) found effective against thrips and mite infesting chilli.

(2) Bio-efficacy of newer insecticides against tomato leaf miner, Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) (2016)

For effective and economical management of leaf miner in tomato, spray spinosad 45 SC, 0.0135 per cent (3 ml/ 10 litre water; 67.5 g a.i./ha) or abamectin 1.9 EC, 0.0006 per cent (3 ml/ 10 litre water; 2.85 g a.i./ha) alongwith 400 g jaggery, first at appearance of the pest and subsequent two sprays at 15 days interval.

 

RECOMMENDATIONS AT NATIONAL LEVEL

(1) Sex pheromone based IPM technology involving mass trapping through use of plastic funnel baited with pheromone @ 100 traps/ha, shoot clipping at weekly interval from 20 DAT and 4 sprays of NSKE (4%) at 15 days interval from flowering was found to be effective for the management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis). (2006)

(2) For effective and economical management of leaf miner in cucumber, erection of yellow sticky trap @ 1 /hill, clipping of lower 2-3 infested leaves followed by application of neem soap @ 109/lit or NSKE (4%) at cotyledonary leaf stage and two foliar sprays of deltamethrin (0.005%) along with jaggery (2%) at 50% flowering stage. (2007)

(3) The seed treatment of okra with thiamethoxam 70 WS @ 3 g/kg was found most effective for management of jassid and favourable plant growth and yield attributing character with highest net additional benefit. (2008)

(4) Integrated module consisting of seed treatment with thiamethoxam 70 WS @ 3 g/kg seed and foliar spray of neem formulation @ 3 ml/lit at 40 DAS, endosulfan (1 ml/lit) + neem formulation @ 3 ml/lit at 50 DAS, spinosad 45 SC @ 0.3 ml/lit at 60 DAS, Bt formulation @ 2 ml/lit at 75 DAS and neem formulation @ 3 ml/lit 85 DAS is effective in management of jassid and shoot and fruit borer in okra and recorded higher fruit yield. (2011)

(5) Seed treatment with thiamethoxam @ 5g/kg prior to sowing and four to five rounds of spray of neem oil @ 1% mixed with sticker / teepol @ 0.5 ml/lit at 10 days interval starting from 35 days after transplanting was proved effective and recommended in controlling thrips and mites in chilli. (2011)

(6) Seed treatment with thiamethoxam @ 3 g/kg seed followed by 3 sprays of NSKE 4% at 10 days interval from 20 DAS was effective and recommended for the control of red pumpkin beetle and leaf miner infesting bottle gourd. (2011)

(7) IPM module comprising of crop sanitation by removal of early infested fruits, installation of cue-lure baited bottle trap at the middle of two sub-plots in the central row and bait spray @ molassess 10% + malathion 50 EC (0.2%) at 6 spots in two border rows in four corners at 5 days interval from flowering in bower system was effective in controlling fruitfly in bitter gourd and gave higher income. (2011)

(8) Two sprays of flubendiamide 39.35 SC @1 ml/lt , first at 50% flowering and second at 50% pod setting was found most effective in management of cowpea pod borer Maruca vitrata. (2012)

(9) Two sprays of flubendiamide 480 SC @ 0.3 ml/l or indoxacarb 14.5 SC @ 0.5 ml/l or emamectin benzoate 5 SG @ 0.5 g/l at 50% flowering and pod setting stage recorded lowest pod borer damage 9.45%, 11.03% and 13.41%, respectively as against control plots (26.57 %). Highest yield (125q/ha) was recorded in flubendiamide treated plots. (2013)

(10) Foliar application of thiamethoxam 25 WG @ 0.35 g/l and spiromesifen 22.9 SC @ 0.8 ml/ l proved to be most effective against jassids,  Amrasca bigutulla bigutulla and whitefly, Bemisia tabaci with 39 and 33.53 % reduction  in the population, respectively as compared to untreated control  and recorded lowest incidence of YVMV (22.41 %) with  110 % increase in yield and maximum ICBR of 1:76.31. (2014)

 

                                                                                     AGRONOMY

(1) Assessment of Natural organic Liquid (NOL) and inorganic nutrient supply system on yield and quality of potato cv. Kufri badshah

The farmers of middle Gujarat Agro-climatic zone III growing potato are recommended to apply RDF (220-110-220 NPK kg ha-1 ) along with application of FYM @20 t ha-1 and seed treatment with AAU PGPR consortium @ 1 l/ha of seed for securing higher yield and net return.Application of NOL was not found beneficial.

Note : *PGPR Consortium : [Azotobcater choococcum (ABA-1) + Azospirillum lipoferum (ASA-1) + Bacillus coagulans (PBA-16) + Bacillus sp. ** NOL : Cow dung + cow urine + jaggery + buttermilk + pulse flour + soil under Baniyaan tree

(2) Integrated nutrient management in potato var. Kufri Badshah

The farmers of middle Gujarat Agro climatic zone III growing potato crop are advised to fertilize their crop with 260-130-260 NPK  kg/ha in addition to this apply poultry manure @ 3 t/ha and in case of unavailability of poultry manure, apply FYM @ 20 t/ha to get higher net return (50% Nitrogen as basal and remaining 50% at the time of earthing up and poultry manure 20 days before planting should be applied).

(3) Determination of effective planting time for potato cultivars under middle Gujarat conditions    (2018)         

The farmers of Middle Gujarat Agro-climatic Zone-III growing potato (cv. Kufri Pukhraj, Kufri Badshah and Kufri Laukar) are advised to plant the potato in 2nd week of November to 4th week of November to get higher income and net realization.

(4) Nitrogen management in tomato cv. AT 3        (2018)     

The farmers of Middle Gujarat Agro-climatic Zone-III growing tomato(AT 3) are advised to apply 62.5 kg N(in the form of ammonium sulphate), 50 kg P2O5 and 50 kg K2O per hectare as basal dose and remaining  62.5 kg N apply in two equal splits at 30 and 60 DATP to get higher yield and net return.

(5) Nitrogen management in chilli cv. GAVCH 1  (2018)        The farmers of Middle Gujarat Agro-climatic Zone-III growing hybrid chilli are advised to apply 70 kg N, 50 kg P2O5 and 50 kg K2O as basal and remaining 70 kg N apply in two equal splits at 30 and 60 DATP to get higher yield and net return.

 

 
 
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